Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation

PIGMENTATION  DISORDERS
The change  of the colour of skin from the normal skin of a person is call pigmentation. If the colour is darker (Increased Skin Colour )from the normal skin it is called Hyperpigmentation if lighter ( Reduced Skin colour ) then it is called Hypopigmentation.
Pigmentation varies in person according to the racial origin and the sun exposure

HYPERPIGMENTATION
Localised Pigmentation
Melanin is the pigment which gives colour to the skin , It is produced by Melanocytes or Pigment cells.
Melasma , Urticaria Pigmentosa , Post Inflammatory Pigmentation.
Keratin it is the protein produced by skin cells or Keratinocytes :: Ichthyosis , Xerosis , Erythrasma , Acnathosis nigricans.
Haemosiderine – It is the breakdown product of haemoglobin , the red pigment in blood cells :: Capillaritis , Purpura , Bruises.
Drug Eruptions :: Pigmentation due to Fixed Drug Eruptions FDR
Other Hyperpigmentation Disorders are ::
Acantosis nigricans,   Alkaptonuia,   Backer Nevus,  Berlogue Dermatitis ,Cholasma , Congenital Naevi,        FDR , Erythema ab igne,  Flagellate erythema, Freckels , Idopathic Eruptive macular pigmentation , Lichen Planus Pigmentosa , Lipodermatosclerosis , Moles , Mangolian Spot, Morphoea , Naevi of ota & Ito , Neurofibromatosis , Ochronosis , Pigmented contact chelitis , Pigmented purpura , Prurigo Pigmentosa , Purpura , Systemic Sclerosis , Tinea Nigra.

Generalised Hyperpigmentation
It is the disorder may arise due to to excessive circulating Melanocye Stimulating Hormones (MSH). Mostly it is seen in Addison’s Disease , pressures areas , in flexures, scars and buccal mucosa.
Generalised pigmentation can also rarerly be a sign of Sec. Melanoma or Metastatic disorders.

GENERALLY DARK SKIN are in ::

  • Addison’s Disease
  • Drug Induced Pigmentation ( Chemotherapy , Silver , Pehnothiazines )
  • Haemochromatosis
  • Ichthysosis
  • Sezary Syndrome
  • Porhhyria cutanea trada
  • Systemic sclerosis
  • Wilson’s Disease

AYURVEDIC TREATMENT OF HYPERPIGMENTATION
In Localised Pigmentation  ::
There is a very effective treatment for Hyper Pigmnetations.
Herbal and Ayurvedic Oral Medications to control the melanocytes to produce normal level of pigmentation.
Herbal Creams , Herbal Lotions and Herbal Face packs are used safely for local application for pogmentary disorders.
Panchakarma Beauty therapies are used for Melasma , Pigmentations , Scars , Freckles and other beauty related problems.

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