Mycetoma is a chronic skin infection , which may affect subcutaneous tissue and in some cases bone may also involve as the disease become chronic and untreated. It is characterised by the discharging sinuses filled with organism. It is generally found on the foot and also called “watering can foot”
It is also called Eumycetoma and Actinomycetoma due to several fungi. Actinomycetes are the culprit bacteria that produces filament like fungi. These both are foung in soil and plant material in tropical regions.
The organism gets into the skin through minor injuries in the persons who usually work barefoot in soil.
CLINICAL FEATURES OF MYCETOMA
Mycetoma is usually confused with other skin infections like
DIAGNOSIS OF MYCETOMA
Analysis of the secretions, grains and pus which comes out from the lesions . The type of grains is confirmed by the laboratory test.
Histopathology is necessary and has to be done by skin biopsy to reveal the causative organism.
AYURVEDIC CONCEPT & TREATMENT
MYCETOMA According to AYRUVEDA
In Ayurveda it may come under “GRANTHI” . It is term used for a lump or nodule that is visible from the surfsce.
These nodules usually open up on the surface of the skin as a sinus or ulcer (vrana).
This term “GRANTHI” according to Ayurveda is most often used to describe the benign tumors, Lump & Nodules .
CAUSES ACCORDING TO AYURVEDA
From the Ayurvedic prospective, Granthi formation is a condition of Vata –Kapha origin. Vata is responsible for the faulty division of cells and Kapha for their growth. Hence Vata pushes Kapha out of the balance that results in the formation of Granthi.
Kapha plays the predominant role as it enters the affected dhatus. The dhatus that involves in this are Medas , Mamsa and Rakta. This results in the slow growth of the Granthi.
AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR MYCETOMA
Ayurveda provides important clues for the modern practitioners for the many chronic diseases.
Proper Internal and External Oleation and fomentation followed by Virechana and Sansarjan Karma .