Sexually transmitted Infections or Diseases STI’s are the bacterial , viral ,fungal or parasitic infections that can be passed on from one person to another during sexual activites. These sexual activities includes kissing , oral-genital contact , anal or vaginal sex, use of sexual toys as vibrators. These infections are existing from many years but the most dangerous of these conditions is AIDS or HIV infection that has been recognised since 1984.
Many STIs are treatable , but HIV , HPV , Hepatitis B and C are lacking treatment. Even gonorrhea once easliy cures has becomes reisitance to many of the traditional antibiotics. Many STIs can be present in and spread by people who don’t have any symptoms of the condition and have not yet been diagnosed with an STD.
Safe Sex is the Key to prevent the STIs . Sex is the context of a monogamous relationship wherein neither partner is infected with an STD also is considered “safe”. Most people thinks that ksiing is safe acitivity, but unfortunately , syphils , herpes and other infections can be transmitted through this relatively simple and apparently harmless act. Condoms are commonly thought to protect against the STIs. Condoms are useful in decreasing the spread of certain infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea , however they do not fully protect against other infections such as Genital herpes , Genital wrts , Syphilis and HIV.
SIGNS OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
MOST COMMON STIs
Bacterial vaginosis is a common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge and foul odour in women of reproducing age. It is not sexually transmitted and previously reffered to as nonspecific vaginitis.
It is a sexually transimtted infection caused by bacteria Clymmatobacterium or Klebsiella granulomatis. This is aslo known Granuloma inguinale. It is characterized by the lesions on the genitals or perianal area that start as raised nodules – granulomas and then erode to form beefy red velvety heaped up ulcers that gradually increase in size.
It is the bacterial infection caused by the organism Neisseria gonorrheae , that is transmitted by sexual contact. Gonorrhea is the one of the oldest known sexually transmitted infection.
It is a bacteria that causes an infection that is very similar to gonorrhea in a way that it is spread and the symptoms it produces. This bacteria is found in the crevix and urethera and can live in the throat and rectum. The condition is usually non symptomatic and these people unknowingly spread the infection to others. It is also known as Lymphogranuloma venereum-- LGV.
It is an STI that has been around for centuries. It is caused by a bacterial organism called a spirochete . The scientific name for the organism is Treponema pallidum. The spirochete is a wormlike , spiral shaped organism that wiggles vigorously when viewd under a microscope. It infects the person by burrowing into the moist , mucous covered lining of the mouth or genitals. The spirochete produces a clasic , painless ulcer known as a chancre.
This is caused by Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) and commonly called herpes. It is transmitted through intimate contact with the mucous covered linings of the mouth or the vagina or the genital skin. This virus enters the linings or skin through microscopic tears. Once in enters inside the virus travels to the nerve roots near the spinal cord and settles there permanantly.
When an infected person has a herpes outbreak , the virus travels down the nerve fibres to the site of the original infection. When it reaches the skin , the typical redness and blisters are formed.
Human Papillo Virus – HPV- & Genital Warts
Genital warts are very common and caused by human papillomavirus (HPV)
There are around 100 different types of HPV and 40 can infect the genital area.
Some genital warts are also called squamous cell papilloma. It may occurs at Vulva , Vagina , Cervix , Urethra , Penis , Scrotum and Anus.
Chancroid is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Haemophilus ducreyi. It is characterized by the painful ulcers on the genitals and painful swollen lymph glands.
It begins in a sexually exposed area of the genital skin most commonly the penis and vulva. It starts as a tender bump that emerges 3 to 10 days after the sexual exposure. The cells that form the bump that begin to die and the bump becomes an ulcer that is usually painful. Often there is tenderness and swelling of the lymph glands in the groin that normally drain lymph fluid from the genital area.
These are the infections that are caused by tiny parasitic bugs such as lice or mites. They are trnsmitted by close physical contact including the sexual contact. The parasites affect the skin or hair. Pubic lice or crabs are properly known as Phthrius pubis.
Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome- HIV -AIDS
This infection weakens the body’s immune system and increases the body’s vulnerability to many different infections. Patients with human immuno deficiency virus infection (HIV) are prone to a variety of skin problems , because of their acquired immuno deficiency. Thses may be only seen in HIV infected individuals or may be common conditions in the general population.
HIV is a viral infection that is primarily transmitted by sexual contact or sharing needles or from an infected pregnant women to her newborn baby. Negative antibody tests do not rule out recent infection. Most people around 95 % who are infected will have a positive HIV antibody teat within 12 weeks of exposure.
There are no specific features ,signs or symptoms that confirms the HIV infection , many people develop a nonspecific illness two to four weeks after they have been infected. The symptoms may includes fever , vomitings , diarrhoea , joint pains , headache , sore throat , lymphadenopathy.
Hepatitis B virus –HBV- is a viral infection of the liver that causes inflamation of the liver. Most of the people don’t think that hepatitis B as a sexually transmitted disease, however one of the most common mode of the spread of HBV is through sexual contact. Sexual transmission is believed to be responsible for 30 to 40 % of the cases all over world. Improved screening of donated blood has diminished the risk of getting hepatitis B from blood transfusion.
The hepatitis caused by the Hepatitis C virus is HCV. It is the inflammation of the liver. HCV causes acute and chronic hepatitis. HCv is infrequently transmitted sexually, so that it is unusal as an STI. It is primarily spread by exposure to infected blood , such as from sharing needles for drug use , piercing , tattooing and occasionally sharing nasal strawa for cocaineuse.
It is a common viral skin infection. It mostly affects infants and young children but adults may also be infected. Presented as a clusters of small round papules especially in the warm moist places such as the armpit , groin or behind the knees. The size is from 1 mm to 6 mmand may be wihte , pink or brown.they often have a waxy pinkish look with a small central pit.
It is a extremely common sexually transmitted infection caused by the protozoan parasite , Trichomonas vaginalis. Females can aquire the disease from infected males or females, but males usually acquire it only from infected females. Trichomoniasis is a marker of high risk sexual behaviour. Co- infection with other STIs is common , especially Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS OR DISEASES STIs and STDs
AYURVEDIC KIT –( AS –PRO- V )