In the Khalitya or Alopecia all the three dosha are involved in a different role. The vata and pitta are vitiated and deranged and affecting the hair follicle ( Romakupa) , it blocks the hair root and caused the gradual hair fall. When Kapha starts filling the roots of hairs , it prevent the fresh growth of hairs. This leads to baldness or Alopecia.
According to the Ayurveda dietary regime and faulty life style ( Ahara and Vihara ) which aggravates the vata and Pitta (Primary) becomes the causative factor for the hair loss or Khalitya. The kapha along with Rakta dhatu fill the romakupa to cause the baldness.
According to the Ayurveda hairs are considered as the byproduct of the bone formation. The tissues responsible for building bones are also responsible for the growth of the hairs. The early hair loss is related to body type and the balance of the mind body constitution (Doshas) and those who have excess pitta in their system are likely to be lose hair early in the life , they may have premature thinning or grey hairs. Excess of pitta in the sebaceous gland at the root of the hairs or hair follicles may make the person start losing hairs.
Poor circulation to the scalp is amongst the main factors contributing to the hair loss. The traction, trauma, poor diet, stress are the other factors which aggravates the condition. These conditions cause reduced blood flow to the head and preventing the nutrients and essential elements to reach the hairs follicles. The capillaries which feed the hair root are very small and it’s very easy for the blood supply to pinch off. So the proper nourishment doesn’t reach to the hairs and hair fall starts. So the proper circulation is needed for the nourishment of the hairs.
SINGS & SYMPTOMS
The noticeable things at any age which is more prominent with age are
Excessive hair fall - when the unusual large amount of hairs in brushes, on clothing and in the drains of sinks and tubs are seen. It tends to be progressive.
Hair Thinning - women typically have gradual hair thinning throughout the scalp. Women’s hair loss is experienced as a diffuse thinning of their hairs.
Receding Hairline – the area of balding over the frontal part of the head that gradually increases over the time.
Breaking of the hair shafts - hair starts breaking from the middle not from the root.
Itchy scalp , scaling – Redness , Itching , Flaking of the scalp. The red and scaly abnormal skin around the hair loss area.
Bald Patches - a circular area of the baldness covering the crown or top rear of the head. Only hairs around the ears, the sides and back of the head remains as horseshoe shaped pattern that leaves the crown of the head exposed. Women with pattern baldness rarely develop complete frontal bald area as men do. May be losing from other parts of the body.
TRIGGERS OF HAIR LOSS
Genetic Tendencies Long Illness Thyroid Dysfunction
Local Skin Diseases Environmental factors Medicines
Exposure to chemicals Extreme Stress Pregnancy
Nutritional Deficiency Vaccines